Arabpsynet

Revues   / /  Journals

 

 

THE ARAB JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY

Vol. 8, N 2, November (1997)

E.mail: takriti@nol.com.jo

 

 

q        CONTENTS / SOMMAIRE /  

 

          Children's Vulnerability to Psychological Health Problems Attitudes of a Community Sample of Arabs in the United Arab Emirates  /  Harith Swadi, Lina Karim

          Patterns of Mental Illness from Psychiatrists' Caseloads in Different  Wartime Periods / Laila Farhood, Monique Chaaya, Josyan Madi-Skaff

          Who Develops Psychiatric Disorders Among Male Prisoners /  Omer El-Rufaie, Harith Swadi, Rafia Ghubash

          Psychological Factors and Stressful Life Events Among a Group of  Functional Dyspepsia Patients in Jordan  / Moh'd A.M. Alshobaki, T. Ahmad, K. Harfoshi, W. Obeidat

          Overdose Among Bahraini Adolescents and Young Adults. Psychosocial  correlates / Ahmed AI Ansari, Randa Hamadeh, Ali Matar, Ahmed Raees, Bana Buzaboon, Huda Marhoon

          Post Trammatic Stress Disorder in Children Symptoms, Assessment and Treatment / Amjad Jumaian, Amer Hosin, Aysha Rahmatallh

 

q       Case Report.

          Frontal Meningioma Presentng with Organic Mood Disorder in a Patient with Delusional Disorder. A Case Report /  Abdulrazzak M. Alhamad, Fatima AI-Haidar

         The Practice of Psychotherapy utilized by Psychiatrists in Tunisia  - an overview -  / AbedAlazziz Jaoua, Ali Jarraya

 

q       SUMMARY / RESUMES /  

 

         Children's Vulnerability to Psychological Health Problems Attitudes of a Community Sample of Arabs in the United Arab Emirates  /  Harith Swadi, Lina Karim

ABSTRACT :   A community survey of adult Arabs in the United Arab Emirates examined their beliefs regarding the vulnerability of children to psychological health problems. The study utilized a specially designed 10 item questionnaire covering the vulnerability of children to different psychological problems. The results showed that the sample had a less than expected level of awareness of such vulnerability. Age, experience with child rearing, nationality and level of education could not discriminate between those with acceptable levels of awareness and those without. However, women were more aware than men of children's vulnerability. Possible explanations for such findings are discussed.

Return in high

           

         Patterns of Mental Illness from Psychiatrists' Caseloads in Different  Wartime Periods / Laila Farhood, Monique Chaaya, Josyan Madi-Skaff

ABSTRACT :   The purpose of the study was to describe patterns of mental illness of those who sought psychiatric services during a five-year period (1985-1991) and to relate such patterns to socio-demographic variables and periods of war violence. The sample consisted of 364 patients coming for their first visit and selected from three psychiatric clinics in Beirut. The results showed that the largest proportion of psychiatric attendance was due to depression. A higher proportion of females sought psychiatric care. Attendance for different disorders varied by age and marital status. The findings also suggested a relationship between war cycles and psychiatric illness. The proportion of patients with depression and anxiety increased in post violence periods.

Return in high

 

         Who Develops Psychiatric Disorders Among Male Prisoners /  Omer El-Rufaie, Harith Swadi, Rafia Ghubash

ABSTRACT : The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with developing a new episode of psychiatric disorder during imprisonment among a sample of sentenced male prisoners, excluding those with an established history of problematic drinking and/or drug abuse. The study was conducted in the central prison, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.). Socio-demographic data were collected from 142 prisoners. All were interviewed by a psychiatrist who administered the CIS and the CAGE questionnaires, documented self-reported substance misuse and made a clinical ICD-10 diagnosis when it had been appropriate. Ten variables were selected for testing their association with developing psychiatric disorders in two groups, one with and without identified psychiatric diagnoses. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and test for continuous variables. Mild mental retardation proved to be the only factor associated with the development of new episodes of psychiatric disorder on imprisonment. If stressful life events are defined as any set of circumstances that requires changes in the basic life pattern of an individual then imprisonment may be considered highly stressful. The stress experience depends on the individuals cognitive appraisal and his perception of his own capacities to cope with the situation. There is evidence that stress is associated with increased psychological disturbance and disordered behavior. Moreover, prisoners in particular are a high-risk group for psychiatric disorders. Although most prisoners are under variable forms of stress, some develop psychiatric disorder while serving a prison sentence while others do not. The aim of this work is, there fore , to identify the factors which are associated with developing psychiatric disorders during imprisonment i.e. factors which are suggestive of more vulnerability for suffering psychiatric disorder in prison. Accordingly, the specific aims of this study were to identify the possible correlates for developing a new episode of psychiatric disorder during imprisonment among a sample of sentenced male prisoners, except for subjects with established history of problematic drinking and/or drug misuse. The rationale for excluding the latter group was the strong relationship between problematic drinking and/or drug misuse and mental disorder. We preferred to identify the potential vulnerability correlates in a non-biased sample.

Return in high

                  

         Psychological Factors and Stressful Life Events Among a Group of  Functional Dyspepsia Patients in Jordan  / Moh'd A.M. Alshobaki, T. Ahmad, K. Harfoshi, W. Obeidat

ABSTRACT : OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study is to identify the role of psychological factors and stressful life events in the pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia patients.

       Patients and Methods : Forty consecutive patients referred to the Psychiatry Department from the Gastroenterology Department at the King Hussein Medical Center were diagnosed as suffering from functional dyspepsia after negative clinical examinations via the means of ultrasonography, endoscopy and barium meals, compared with a control group, also consisting of forty patients and matched in sex, age and education. Both groups were interviewed and assessed by a psychiatrist and a psychologist using the Jordanian Version of the Cornell Index N2 and the Arabic Version of the Life Events Scale.

      RESULTS : Functional dyspepsia patients scored significantly higher on anxiety, fear, depression, hypochondriasis, somatization and psychopathic sub-scales as well as suffering from more stresses than the control group. When comparing female and male dyspeptic patients it was revealed that females suffered from more psychological disorders than males.

      CONCLUSION : This study concludes that psychological factors and stressful life events play a major role in developing symptoms of dyspepsia in some individuals, and an early psychosocial assessment of such patients would prevent subjecting a fair number of them to chronically as well as costly time consuming physical investigations.

Return in high

                          

         Overdose Among Bahraini Adolescents and Young Adults. Psychosocial  correlates / Ahmed AI Ansari, Randa Hamadeh, Ali Matar, Ahmed Raees, Bana Buzaboon, Huda Marhoon

ABSTRACT : This study is part of a national effort to investigate the problem of overdoses among Bahraini youths. The aim of the study was to identify characteristics of attempts from two age groups: adolescents (15-18 years) and young adults attempts (19-21 years). Fifty-seven adolescents and 43 young adults were examined as part of a case control study of all Bahrain attempted overdoses aged 15 to 24 years. The adolescent overdose attempted was more likely to be single female a student with a low suicide intent but having a feeling of failure in their life. They had problems with peers and were more socially isolated. On the other hand, the young adult overdose attempted was more likely to be married, unemployed with a serious intention of committing suicide. Level of education, social class, the frequency of recent contacts with helping agencies, type and source of drug used, reasons for taking overdose and prevalence of mental disorder were similar in both groups. The implications of such findings with respect to prevention and early intervention are discussed.

Return in high

                

         Post Trammatic Stress Disorder in Children Symptoms, Assessment and Treatment / Amjad Jumaian, Amer Hosin, Aysha Rahmatallh

ABSTRACT : Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was first recognized as a syndrome by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980, and it was classified as an anxiety disorder. This recognition was mainly based on work conducted on Vietnam War Veterans and survivors of other major disasters. The aim of this review is mainly to focus on symptoms, assessment and treatment of PTSD, as well as the most recent research conducted on children in the Middle East, in order to increase awareness among Public Health Professionals and stimulate further research projects on children from regions of conflict.

Return in high

                 

q       Case Report.

         Frontal Meningioma Presentng with Organic Mood Disorder in a Patient with Delusional Disorder. A Case Report /  Abdulrazzak M. Alhamad, Fatima AI-Haidar

ABSTRACT : This is a report on a diagnosed case of persecutory delusional disorder of eleven years duration. The patient presented with organic mood disorder (depressive type) due to frontal lobe meningioma. Issues relating to misdiagnosis of such cases are discussed, such as overlooking of new complains of chronic psychiatric patients by psychiatrists, explaining new developments in such psychiatric patients as part of the condition and absence of neurological signs and symptoms, such as headaches and vomiting.

Return in high  

                

         The Practice of Psychotherapy utilized by Psychiatrists in Tunisia  - an overview -  / AbedAlazziz Jaoua, Ali Jarraya

ABSTRACT : The article sums up the result of a questionnaire that was filled by Psychiatrists in Tunisia to evaluate their practice in psychotherapy. Results showed that 37,5% of psychiatrists practice psychotherapy. The main techniques utilized were assertive therapy (90%), dynamic psychotherapy (50%) and relaxation therapy (50%). In general psychiatrists utilize three techniques as an average, 73% practice only one method. Psychiatrists de evaluate their results by clinical methods (70%)  client satisfaction (63%) only 13% of psychiatrists are content with their practice. Combination of chemotherapy and psychotherapy is practiced by 89% of psychiatrists. The attitude toward combination is varied. At large the psychotherapist is of the younger age group, permissive and eclectic. His psychotherapeutic practice is flexible in the absence of institutional control.

Return in high

 

Arabpsynet

Revues   / /  Journals

 

Copyright 2003  WebPsySoft ArabCompany, Arabpsynet. (All Rights Reserved)