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  - 21-22   2009

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- Palestinians children perception of parenting behaviour in relation to children mental health problems - Thabet, A, A

- Marital satisfaction and mental health of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip (Cohort-II) - Thabet, A, A

- Rles et statuts dans la famille algrienne contemporaine - Radjia Benali

- Profil psychosocial de la famille adoptive en consultation de pedopsychiatrie-  H.Laaribi1,  Y.Moalla2, I.Hadj Kacem3,  H.Ayadi4, A.Walha5, F.Ghribi6.

- Carences affectives parentales - H.Laaribi1,  Y.Moalla2, I.Hadj Kacem3,  H.Ayadi4, A.Walha5, F.Ghribi6.

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- Bipolar Affective Disorder with Co-morbid Substance Abuse in Relation to Criminal Offending - Ehab Ali Sorketti

- Effect of trauma on mental health of ambulance drivers in Gaza Strip - Ragheb Ali Abu Laila

- Impact of Trauma on PTSD and anxiety among Palestinian school-age children - Thabet A.A

- Effect of political violence on Palestinians in the Gaza Strip - Thabet A.A

- Facteurs de risque de la consommation abusive des substances psychoactives chez ladolescent - Kh. Khemakhem, H.Ayadi, Y.Moalla,  S. Jellouli, A.Walha, F. Ghribi

- Facteurs dune bonne adaptation  socio familiale des enfants atteints de schizophrnie - Kh. Khemakhem, H.Ayadi, Y.Moalla,  S. Jellouli, A.Walha, F. Ghribi

- Facteurs organiques associs aux troubles mentaux chez les adolescents - I. Kossentini, Y. Moalla, H. Ayadi, J. Ben Hassena, I. Hadjkacem, A. Walha, F. Ghribi

- La thrapie cognitivo-behavioriste dagoraphobie - Belmihoub Kalthoum

 

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- Sex Differences on the Progressive Matrices: Some Data from Syria-  Omar Khaleefa, Richard Lynn

- A Study of Intelligence in the United Arab -Omar Khaleefa, Richard Lynn

- Norms for the Progressive Matrices for Libya and Tunisia - Richard Lynn, Saleh El-Ghmary Abdalla, Alsedig Abdalgadr Al-Shahomee

 

 

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RESUME: Nous essayons, dans cet article, dapprocher les facteurs qui incitent la dviance, ainsi que les diffrentes classifications de ce dernier.Nous relaterons galement la psychologie de lacte dviant et les types des dlinquants.On tudiera les traits caractristiques de familles des dlinquants,et les rapports dun part entre les mauvais styles ducatifs parentaux et dautres part entre les valeurs familiaux et la dviance.

MOTS CLES

-FAMILLE MINEUR DEVIANCE DELINQUANCE JUVENILE

 

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Rsum :Lobjectif de cette tude est dlucider les divers styles ducatifs parentaux en se basant sure le model tripartite de  DIANA BOUMRIND  qui a russi dduire trois styles ducatifs :  Permissif, Dmocratique, et Autoritaire.

Nous essayons de relater les diffrentes valeurs qui naissent de chaque style ducatif.

Mots cls :  style ducatifs - style ducatif Parentale Permissif- Dmocratique- Autoritaire.

 

 

     - Palestinians children perception of parenting behaviour in relation to children mental health problems - Thabet, A, A,  -Abu Tawahina, A, -El Sarraj, E, MD  -Panos Vostanis

 The study showed the Palestine children especially boys perceive their parents as rejective and hostile increase such children mental health problems. It might be helpful to launch a comprehensive, ecological intervention program that will help to improve the quality of the childrens home environment and parenting practices and changing of parenting attitude toward their children needs. Special attention may be given to the males.  Such interventions may include parental awareness programs that would draw attention to the adverse affects of parental psychological maltreatment, gender inequities, and lack of parental support. The focus would be to train parents in ways of dealing with children mental health and rearing practice in an effort to change their or negative parenting attitudes, involving physical and non-physical punishment.

Key word: Children mental health, parenting behaviour, children perception of parenting behavior

  

 

  - Marital satisfaction and mental health of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip (Cohort-II) - Thabet, A, A,  -Abu Tawahina, A, -El Sarraj, E, MD  -Panos Vostanis

Implications: This study showed that there Palestinians couples need for more psychosocial programs for adults including community based centers, public meetings to increase their awareness about the effect of stress and trauma on mental health and ways of coping with such consequences in daily life. Also, need for more longitudinal studies of cohort sample for few years to elaborate the effect of changing in the political situation in the Gaza Strip on families mental health, social structure, function of families, coping of families in adversities and war situation.

Key words: Cohort II, mental health, couples, marriage satisfaction

 

 

 - Rles et statuts dans la famille algrienne contemporaine  -  Radjia Benali

Introduction : Interprter la distribution des statuts et des rles dans la famille nous oblige les resituer dans leur contexte global et voir les liens quils entretiennent avec les systmes conomiques et culturels de la socit. La famille algrienne traditionnelle est un ensemble de rles bien dfini socialement ; ces rles correspondent des statuts qui dterminent les rapports entre les diffrents membres de la maison. Chaque individu est socialis dans son rle et son statut selon lesquels se dfinissent son comportement et sa conduite dans le groupe familial. Caractriss par un systme de division du travail relativement simple, les rles sont peu nombreux, bien dfinis et lgitims par une soumission une autorit transcendante, ce qui laisse peu de libert dans linterprtation des rles, facilite la conformit lattente et assure la fois la cohrence intra psychique et la reproduction sociale. Par les prescriptions de rles, les structures sociales introduisent une certaine prvisibilit dans les comportements individuels et laissent peu de place aux modifications. Aujourdhui, tout cet ordre est boulevers, les rles et les statuts dans les familles nuclaires se chevauchent. Ni lage ni lidentit de genre continuent tre les repres qui organisent le fonctionnement des familles ; ce qui cre beaucoup de conflits, autant sur le plan personnel que sur le plan social.    

 

 - Profil psychosocial de la famille adoptive en consultation de pedopsychiatrie - H.Laaribi,  Y.Moalla, I.Hadj Kacem,  H.Ayadi, A.Walha, F.Ghribi.

Au vu de ces constatations, et afin de palier aux dsordres psychoaffectifs et comportementaux que pourraient prsenter les enfants adopts, le volet prventif s'avre le plus pertinent puisquil permet dagir et surtout d'viter les distorsions ducatives  inhrentes l'adoption.

Mots cls : Adoption- Famille- Profil psychosocial

 

 

  - Carences affectives parentales - H.Laaribi,  Y.Moalla, I.Hadj Kacem,  H.Ayadi, A.Walha, F.Ghribi.

Rsum : Les carences affectives sont importantes non seulement en raison de leur frquence, mais aussi dun point de vue historique, car elles ont fourni un vaste champ de rflexion commune aux psychiatres, psychanalystes et pdiatres.

Dans cet article, nous avons pass en revue les diffrents types de carence affective rencontres en pathologie pdopsychiatrique.

 Au terme de ce travail, nous avons constat que le champ des carences affectives demeure extrmement fcond sur le plan nosologique et relativement complexe sur le plan thorique.

En pratique clinique, il est bien difficile dobserver  des situations de carences pures, plusieurs facteurs de carence  sont volontiers  runis et une distorsion qualitative de la relation est frquemment associe.

De multiples mesures prventives doivent tre prises  afin de dpister prcocement et de prvenir linstallation des carences affectives. 

Mots cls : Carence affective- Mre-pre- Sparation

Abstract: Lack of affection is important for the study not only because of its frequency, but also because it provides an interesting background for psychiatrists, psychoanalysts and podiatrists.

In this paper, we have examined the different types of lack of affection found in pedopsychiatric pathology.

At the end of this study, we have found that lack of affection is extremely prolific at the nosologic level and relatively complex at the theoretical level.

Clinically, it is very difficult to observe situations of pure lack. Many factors of lack of affection are voluntarily combined and a qualitative distortion of the relation is frequently associated.         

Many preventive measures must be taken in order to detect and prevent the lack of affection precociously.

Key words: Lack of affection Mother Father - Separation 

 

 

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 Astract : Emotional Intelligence in Sudan   of Measurement

 This study examines the identification of emotional intelligence as well    as its structure through designing scale suitable to the Sudanese environment with respect to some degree of cultural sensitivity. To achieve this aim, two scientific methods were employed, namely, documentation and description method. Primary information questionnaire and the scale of emotional intelligence which was constructed on the form of self- report were used in the present study. The questionnaire as well as the scale was applied to a group of 410 participants both males 229(56%) and females 181(44%) from different sects of the society (leaders, employees and students). Both stratified and simple random sampling techniques were employed for the selection of the sample from Greater Khartoum. The study shows that items and dimensions of the constructed scale of emotional intelligence enjoyed adequate level of reliability when using different techniques such as person correlation, Spearman and Alpha. Additionally, the constructed sale shows adequate level of content and concurrent validity. The result of factor analysis shows that there is a high saturation of emotional intelligence with five sub structures including (Emotional Self-awareness & Motivation,   Managing Emotion, General Mood, Emotion Facilitation of Thinking, and To Dial with others in a sharitable way.). The validity of the emotional intelligence reflects its discriminative ability and its variation from the general intelligence and its affiliation with mental abilities. Finaly, some suggestion and recommendation wer reached.

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The Effect of Training on a Mental Calculation Program on   Fluid Intelligence of Students Participating in The Total Giftedness Model at Dar AlThikr School for Boys

Abstract : The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of training on a mental calculation program, as one of the training programs included in the Total Giftedness Development Model (Batterjee, 2008, 2009) on fluid intelligence . Research experimental method was used to study the differences between the experimental group that was trained on the program and the control group that were not trained, and the study procedures were applied on a sample of 100 elementary male students of age between 9 and 12 years old . Two instruments were used in the study; the Standard Progressive Matrices Test that was adapted to the Saudi culture (Abo Hatab & Others, 1979) was used to assess intelligence of members of both groups, and the Universal Concepts of Mental Arithmetic System (UCMAS) to train the students of the experimental group on mental calculation methods . The results show significant differences in fluid intelligence increase between the control and experimental groups in favor of the experimental group . Having kept all other factors constant, the significant increase in fluid intelligence of members of the experimental group is attributed to the training on (UCMAS). The study also show an increase of 1.37 raw points in fluid intelligence measured after 23 weeks from the start date.

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Abstarct: The effect of Abaq Program on the enhancement of WISC-111performance among children in Sudan

The study explores the possible effect of Abaq Program on the enhancement of performance of intelligence as measured by the Third Edition of Wechsler Intelligence Scaled for Children. 143 participants represnts the sample of the study withdrawn from 14 primary schools and were selected by stratified and random techniques. The age between 6-11 years with an average of 7.9 years and SD=0,88, both males 68 (48%) and females 75 (52%) and the sample was divided to groups: expereimental (71) and controlled (72) matched for IQ, age, gender and level of urbanization. The experimental group was given an intensive Abaq training by qualified teachers in the academic year 2006-2007 for eight months while the controlled group receives no training. At the end of the trial, WISC-111 was re-applied for the two groups. The most remarkable finding of the study is that: Abaq program increases verbal Intelligence, performance intelligence and full intelligence by 1.1, 5.3 and 4, respectively. It has more effects on fluid intelligence (pratical, visual-spatial) compared to crystallized one (verbal-oral-learned). This level of increase is considered huge compared to the secular increases of intelligence in the Sudan per decade (2.9) and generation (8.7). The study suggests futher investigation for the long effect of Abaq after intensive training for 10 levels during three years as well as applying the program for children between 6-12 year olds.

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- Bipolar Affective Disorder with Co-morbid Substance Abuse in Relation to Criminal Offending  - Dr. Ehab Ali Sorketti

Background: High rates of co-morbid alcohol and drug disorders have previously been found among individuals with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorders. Clinical and social outcomes have been reported to be worse in this group and service costs greater than in individuals with severe mental illness only(1). Men with schizophrenia who also had a record of substance misuse were over eight times more likely to appear among the violent offenders, and four times more likely to be convicted of homicide, than those without co morbid substance misuse. A similar pattern was found in affective disorders. The prevalence of substance problems among people suffering from severe mental disorders is high, and seems to be associated with greater use of in-patient services and also associated with higher rate of criminal offending (2).Research has indicated that patients with severe mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia or bipolar affective disorder, have high rates of concurrent mental and behavior disorders due to misuse of alcohol and non-prescribed drugs (3). Clinical and social outcomes may be significantly worse than in those with severe mental illness alone. They also have substantially higher rates of offending and imprisonment (4).

Key Words: Bipolar affective disorder, Substance abuse, Criminal offending

 - Effect of trauma on mental health of ambulance drivers in Gaza Strip- Ragheb Ali Abu Laila- BA, MPHK Thabet*, A, A, Panos Vostanis,

Abstract

Background: We examined the effect of trauma on mental health of Palestinian ambulance drivers exposed to traumatic events during Al-Aqsa Intifada compared with other professionals working in similar situation.

Methods: A total of 227 of subjects were selected, 115 were ambulance drivers, and 112 were from Pediatric, Psychiatric, and Ophthalmic hospitals in Gaza city as a control group. Both groups were assessed by Traumatic Events Checklist, Davidson Trauma Scale (DSM-IV), John Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HCL), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).

Results: Ambulance drivers experienced a wide range of traumatic events (Mean = 16.2) more than the control group (Mean = 10.5). Ambulance drivers reported less PTSD symptoms (mean =15.3) than the control group (Mean =17.5). Also, according to HSCL-25 depression subscale, ambulance drivers were less depressed (Mean = 7.99) than the control group (Mean =11.4); they were less anxious (Mean = 4) than control group (Mean = 6.7). According to BDI-II ambulance drivers were less depressed (Mean =13.73) than the control group (M=19.7).

Conclusions: We conclude that ambulance drivers living in a very stressful situation related to the frequent incursions of the Gaza Strip by Israeli armed forces were more traumatized than the control group. However, they were less depressed, anxious, and having less PTSD symptoms than the control group.  This could be due psychological preparedness of drivers by health education and training courses they had received during their work

Keyword: Ambulance drivers, Post-traumatic stress Disorder, Anxiety, Depression, War.

- Impact of Trauma on PTSD and anxiety among Palestinian school-age children* - Thabet A.A.,Abu Tawahina A.,Eyad El Sarraj, Panos Vostanis

Abstract

Background After the incursion of the Jericho prison on 13 March 2006 and arresting Palestinian prisoners by the Israeli Occupation forces, a group of gunmen attacked a local private school to kidnap the foreign teachers. During this attack, children exposed to shooting with minor injury for few students.

Aims To determine the effect of community violence on children reactions such as PTSD, anxiety, and mental health children

Method:  A sample of 126 children was targeted, 114 of children responded to the self-report questionnaires. They were interviewed using questionnaires including Sociodemogrophic variables, IES-15, Child Revised Manifest Anxiety Scale. While, parents and teachers reported about children mental health problems using SDQ for parents and teachers.

Results The results estimates of that prevalence of PTSD in children was 19.8%, mean IES was 27.17, while intrusion subscale mean = 11.94, and avoidance mean = 15.2, SD = 9.8. There was significant correlation between total IES and intrusion subscale and avoidance. There were no sex differences in total IES, intrusion, and avoidance subscales. Children aged 6-12 years showed more total IES, intrusions, and avoidance symptoms. 

From total of 116 children, 55 of parents responded to the SDQ,  18.4% of  children were cases, 21.1% had conduct problems, 6.1% had emotional problems, 6.1% had hyperactivity/inattention, 77.6% had peer relationship problems, and 1.8% had prosocial behaviour. The results showed that 92 teachers responded to SDQ for teachers; 44.1% of children were rated as caseness, 10.8% had emotional problems, 29% had conduct problems, 24.7% had hyperactivity/inattention, 64.5% had peer relationship problems, and 9.7% had prosocial behaviour. Prevalence of anxiety disorder was 33.3 %. There were no statistically significant differences between means of anxiety in boys and girls and age of children. 

There were no correlations between general mental health problems rated by parents and teachers and PTSD, and anxiety self rated by the children themselves.

 Conclusion: Children exposed to community violence are at risk of developing PTSD, anxiety, , behavioural, and emotional problems rated by parents and teachers. A great need for establishing school based programmes to deal with children affected by community and political violence.

Keywords: Community violence, anxiety, PTSD, general mental health

 

 

- Effect of political violence on Palestinians in the Gaza Strip - Thabet A.A., Abu Tawahina A., Eyad El Sarraj, Panos Vostanis,

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of political violence on Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.

Methodology

Subjects: The study population included 420 adult Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip.  A total number of 412 adults agreed to take part in the study with response rate of  98%. The sample population was selected randomly from three villages, three camp, and two cities. One street was selected in each area, and every other household that fulfilled the selection criteria (Male and female) was included. In larger buildings, one flat from each floor was selected.

Measures: The subjects interviewed using self-reported questionnaires include: The

Gaza Traumatic Events Checklist, the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for

Adults, The Taylors Manifest Anxiety Scale (MAS).

Results: The results the most common reported traumatic events by Palestinians were watching mutilated bodies and wounded people on TV (97.1%), hearing the sonic sounds of the jetfighters (94.7%), and witnessing the signs of shelling on the ground (93.2%). Subjects reported a mean number of 7.7 traumatic events (SD = 2.21). Mean PTSD items were 50.45, intrusion mean = 17.1, avoidance mean = 18.9, and arousal mean = 14.5. Of participants, 54.4% had symptoms of potential clinical significance of PTSD. Subjects mean Taylor anxiety scale was 28.05 and 26.5% of subjects scored as severe to very severe anxiety. PTSD scores were predicted by hearing killing of close relatives, witnessing firing by tanks and heavy artillery on, and witnessing bombardment of other homes by airplanes and helicopters.

Conclusion; The results showed that still the Palestinians in Gaza Strip are victims of the Israelis aggression and this lead to high level of traumatic events, PTSD, and anxiety. This highlight the need for more programs targeting such victims in community based approach by establishing more community mental health centers in the area and train professionals to be able of dealing with high number of people with such mental health problems. Also there are needs for psychoeducation of the adults to enable them of detecting the meaning of trauma and encouraging coping strategies in the future to overcome the trauma in the next episodes of trauma which in inevitable in the area.

Key words: Adult Palestinians, trauma, PTSD, Anxiety, Gaza Strip

 

- Facteurs de risque de la consommation abusive des substances psychoactives chez ladolescent - Kh. Khemakhem, H.Ayadi, Y.Moalla,  S. Jellouli, A.Walha, F. Ghribi

 Des facteurs de risque individuels  suivants one t identifis :le sexe masculin, lexistence dune maladie ou dun  handicap physique, des traits de personnalit type dagressivit/impulsivit, des tendances antisociales  , des Symptmes anxieux ou dpressifs ou une  comorbidit psychiatrique.

Des  facteurs de risque environnementaux suivants ont t identifis : le bas  niveau socioconomique, une toxicomanie chez les parents ou la fratrie , un parent ayant un trouble mental, des vnements familiaux ngatifs ,des mauvaises frquentations  et une  intgration scolaire  mdiocre .

On a identifi comme des facteurs de protection les comptences scolaires  bonnes.

Conclusion : La diversit et la multitude des facteurs prdisposant la toxicomanie, suggre que la vulnrabilit des adolescents aux troubles lis l'utilisation de substances psychoactives, rsulte toujours dune interaction complexe de plusieurs facteurs de risque et de protection, les uns individuels, les autres environnementaux.

Lanalyse  de ces facteurs de faon individualise chez les adolescents,  a des implications importantes dans la prvention et le traitement des conduites toxicomanognes.

Mots cls : facteurs de risque, abus de substance, adolescent.

 

 - Facteurs dune bonne adaptation  socio familiale des enfants atteints de schizophrnie - Kh. Khemakhem, H.Ayadi, Y.Moalla,  S. Jellouli, A.Walha, F. Ghribi

 Une adaptation sociale et familiale satisfaisante a t note chez 8 patients. Parmi ces cas : 7 taient de sexe  masculin et 6 dorigine urbaine.  La forme clinique  tait du type dsorganis dans 5 cas. Lentente familiale a t note dans 7 cas. 6 cas taient traits par des antipsychotiques atypiques. Tous les enfants taient suivis rgulirement  avec une  bonne observance du traitement.

Ladaptation socio familiale a t corrle avec le bon  fonctionnement prmorbide et la prescription dantipsychotiques atypiques

Conclusion : Le pronostic des SKZ dbut prcoce durant lenfance est plutt rserv. Nanmoins des facteurs individuels ainsi que la prescription dantipsychotiques  interviennent dans la qualit de la radaptation socio familiale de ces enfants.

Mots cls : schizophrnie, enfant, adaptation, sociale, familiale

 

         

- Facteurs organiques associs aux troubles mentaux chez les adolescents - I. Kossentini, Y. Moalla, H. Ayadi, J. Ben Hassena, I. Hadjkacem, A. Walha, F. Ghribi *

 

 Les facteurs organiques ont t nots dans 50% des cas :

            Des antcdents de maladies somatiques dans lenfance dans 12.73% des cas.

            Une pilepsie ou des crises pileptiques dans 10.25% des cas.

            Des facteurs prinataux dans 9% des cas.

            Des maladies gntiques ou congnitales dans 3.73% des cas.

Conclusion :Ces rsultats rejoignent ceux des travaux antrieurs concernant la frquence leve des facteurs organiques associs aux troubles mentaux de ladolescent, la pratique dun suivi pdopsychiatrique savre indispensable dans pas mal de cas, soit dans un but de dpistage prcoce.

 

- La thrapie cognitivo-behavioriste dagoraphobie - belmihoub keltoum

PRESENTATION DU CAS

Mme R est avocate ge de 34 ans, elle nous a consulte pour des peurs incontrlables et des sentiments danxit et de vertige ds quelle se retrouvait en dehors de la maison chose qui la pousse quitter son travail et rester la maison.                                                                 

 

 

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- Sex Differences on the Progressive Matrices: Some Data from Syria-  Omar Khaleefa, Richard Lynn

Key words: Sex Differences; Progressive Matrices; Syria; variability

A recent standardization of the Progressive Matrices in Syria for the ages 7 through 18 is analysed for (1) sex differences on the test and shows there are none; (2) for sex differences in variability and also shows there are none; and (3) for the mean IQ compared with those in Britain and the United States; this shows that the average IQ is lower than in Britain and the United States.

- A Study of Intelligence in the United Arab -Omar Khaleefa, Richard Lynn

Results are reported from a large standardization sample of 6-11 year olds for the Colored Progressive Matrices in the United Arab Emirates. Girls performed slightly better than boys, and younger children performed better than older children relative to British norms. There was no sex difference in variability. In relation to a British IQ of 100, the sample obtained an average IQ of 83.

Key words: Sex differences; intelligence; Progressive Matrices; United Arab Emirates; variability

- Norms for the Progressive Matrices for Libya and Tunisia - Richard Lynn, Saleh El-Ghmary Abdalla, Alsedig Abdalgadr Al-Shahomee

Results are reported for intelligence in Tunisia based on a standardization sample of adults on the Standard Progressive Matrices and in Libya for a standardization sample of 6- to 11-year-olds on the Colored Progressive Matrices. In relation to a British IQ of 100, the mean IQ of the Tunisian sample is 84, and the mean IQ of the Libyan sample is 86.5. In the Libyan sample younger children performed better than older children. There was no difference between girls and boys in either means or variability.

Key words: Intelligence; Progressive Matrices; Tunisia; Libya; sex differences; variability

 

 

 

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www.arabpsynet.com/apn.journal/index-apn.htm

Document Code PJ.0181

APNeJ21-22

PJ.0181

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